Ünnepi Imarend

A DOHÁNY UTCAI TEMPLOMKÖRZET NAGYÜNNEPI IMARENDJE AZ 5774. ZSINAGÓGAI ESZTENDŐRE

 

 

Rajs Hásónó I. este

2013. szept. 4.

19.00

Rajs Hásónó I. reggel

2013. szept. 5.

9.00

Rajs Hásónó II. este

2013. szept. 5.

18.00

Rajs Hásónó II. reggel

2013. szept. 6.

9.00

Sábász Súvó este

2013. szept. 6.

18.00

Sábász Súvó reggel

2013. szept. 7.

9.30

Erev Jajm Kippur reggel*

2013. szept. 13.

7.00

Erev Jajm Kippur Mincha*

2013. szept 13.

13.00

Kol Nidré

2013. szept 13.

18.42

Jajm Kippur reggel

2013. szept 14.

9.30

Jajm Kippur Mázkir

2013. szept 14.

Kb. 11.30

Jajm Kippur-i böjt vége

2013. szept 14.

19.45

Szukkajsz I. este

2013. szept 18.

18.00

Szukkajsz I. reggel

2013. szept. 19.

9.30

Szukkajsz II este

2013. szept. 19.

18.00

Szukkajsz II. reggel

2013. szept. 20.

9.30

Hajsánó Rábbó reggel*

2013. szept. 25.

7.30

Smini Áceresz este

2013. szept. 25.

18.00

Smini Áceresz reggel

2013. szept. 26.

9.30

Smini Áceresz Mázkir

2013. szept. 26.

Kb. 10.30    

Szimchász Tajró este

2013. szept. 26.

18.00

Szimchász Tajró reggel

2013. szept. 27.

9.30

Sábász Börésisz este

2013. szept. 27.

18.00

Sábász Börésisz reggel

2013. szept. 28.

9.30

           

 

A csillaggal jelölt i.tentiszteletek a Talmud-Tórában (Bp. VII. Wesselényi u. 7.) alatt zajlanak!

 

About the Synagogue

 

 

Dear visitors, if you plan to come to one of our services in the Synagogue, here you have our basic codes.

During the services on Sabbath and on the Holidays:

No mixed sitting; no phoning or photographing; no shorts, mini-skirts, sleeveless blouses or t-shirts; no kippahs and talit for women, covered head for men. Please keep in mind, that the Synagogue is the Sanctuary of G-D, and it is a holy place!

 

ABOUT THE SYNAGOGUE:

The building of the Dohany Street Synagogue is 53.1 m (173 ft) long, and 26.5 m (85 ft) wide. The nave up to the Sanctuary is 37.9 m (121 ft) long and 24.6 m (78 ft) wide. The interior is 26 m (85 ft) high. The Ark is 8.2 m (26 ft) high. There are 1492 seats for men and 1472 seats for women in the Synagogue.

The history of the Synagogue goes back to the 19th century. The size of the building demonstrates the significance of the Jewish population of the time, as well as the economic and cultural demand. To build a Synagogue, the greatest architects submitted their applications. At the end, the German architect, Ludwig Förster (1797-1863), professor at the Viennese Academy won with his design of a synagogue in Moorish style. The construction took only four years to complete – which was considered a record time then. (The reconstruction lasted about the same time just recently.) The architectural foreman, Ignác Wechselmann made an excellent job. (He donated all of his properties to the Institution of the Blind.) When Förster was not on the site of the construction, Wechselmann asked the rival Hungarian architect, Frigyes Feszl’s help. So the inner Sanctuary was designed by him who was also the designer of the Vigadó, in Budapest. The ceremonial opening of the Synagogue took place on 6 September, 1859.

Its two domed towers, great rose windows, decorative chambers and the beautiful Ark made the Synagogue known all over the world. As far as the size of the building is concerned, Dohany Synagogue is the second largest in the world and the largest in Europe. The interior is 1200 m2, the twin towers are 44 m (144 ft) high. In the nave and on the galleries about 3000 people can be seated. The nave is 12 m (39 ft) wide where the columns are connected with cast-iron arches.

The Synagogue is a neolog one. It was built in the Jewish quarter in Dohany Street where still lots of Jewish people live. At the place of the present Synagogue stood the house of the founder of the Zionist movement, Tivadar Herzl (1860-1904).

The Synagogue was built in Romantic style, with rich ceramic decorations. It has an eclectic style mixed with Byzantine and Moorish motives that give oriental atmosphere to the building.

On the top of the Ark, there is a decorated dome – designed by Frigyes Feszl, similarly to other pieces of furniture in the Sanctuary; the two big candelabras with 12 candle-like bulbs, and the frescos of the synagogue are all works of Frigyes Feszl. To reach the Ark, there are stairs, with an eternal light in front of it – 15 stairs led to the ancient Temple’s altar for the choir of Levites. The strong oriental features, the coloured bricks, and the cast-iron structure of the interior were considered new and modern when the Synagogue was built.

The facade of the Synagogue have to face East, towards Jerusalem, it’s an ancient rule; that is why the entrance is not in aligned with Dohany street. Inside, at the Eastern wall there is the Ark in which the Torah scrolls are kept. The Ark itself is covered by a velvet curtain with some Jewish symbols on it, like a menorah, a Star of David, a twin tower, the lion and the crown. (the Crown of the Torah or the knowledge).

In traditional synagogues the almemar (bimah), where the Torah is read on Shabbat mornings, is situated in the middle of the place. However, in many synagogues, in Dohany Street among others, it is near the Eastern wall.

THE SYNAGOGUE OF THE HEROES

The Synagogue of the Heroes is an inseparable part of the building complex by now. It is a memorial to 10.000 Hungarian Jewish soldiers, who were killed in actions during the World War I. We have learned about the exact number, as the Egység (in English: ‘Unity’) newspaper had an exact register about the fatalities of the Jewish soldiers.

On the modern, but still cosy building’s internal wall, which can hold up to 120 people, above the entrance a huge Star of David is located formed from Hebrew text. The speciality of the ornamental element is that the star is formed of the letters of the following biblical quote: „Ech noflu giborim...” „The heroes passed away in the fight” (II. Samuel,1.19).

There are two kinds of synagogues in Hungary:

In neolog synagogues the almemar (bimah) is in front of the Holy Ark, imitating an altar, as a reference to the Temple, where the altar used to be the scene of immolation. Women also pray separately, however, not in a different room but on an upstairs gallery or in separated pews. Following the example of Lipót Löw, the scholarly rabbi of Szeged, the homily is held in Hungarian, as very few people speak and understand Yiddish nowadays. To raise the splendour of the service, the neolog synagogue is equipped with an organ. The rabbi - and in some places the cantor as well - wears a cassock during the service.

In orthodox synagogues the almemar (bimah) occupies the centre of the synagogue, so that everybody can hear the holy words equally. Since women and men are not allowed to stay in the same room during the service - so as no to distract each other's attention from the prayer, - women are praying in a different room; yet if it is impossible for any reason, then the place is divided by a curtain. Traditionally, the rabbi's homily is chanted in Yiddish, since that was the common language of the Ashkenazi Jews (those coming from Central and Eastern Europe). Orthodox Jews reject the priestly garb, the cassock as well as the organ.

ZSVK

A Zsidó Világkongresszus magyarországi ülésének első napján, május 3-n a péntek esti I.tentisztelet a szokásosnál fél órával később, 18.30-kor kezdődik!

Services

 

Weekdays: Morning: 7:30 a.m.

                       Evening: 5:00 p.m.

On weekdays the services are in the Talmud-Torah (Bp. VII. Wesselényi str. 7.).

Friday: 5:00 p.m.   in the Synagogue of the Heroes

Shabbat: 9:30 a.m. in the Synagogue of the Heroes

Shalesudes – Mincha – Maariv: In Talmud – Torah, an hour before Shabbat goes out. Under the link „News” the whole list of timing is available.

The Organ

 

Each and every organ is unique. There are portable, installed or positive instruments that are as big as a piece of furniture, while organs in concert halls and churches they are often in a size of a building. Most organs contain sets of pipes of different size and pitch that are operated by air pressure produced by the so called ‘wind’. The organ in the Synagogue is a so called romantic organ.

There was already an organ at the time of the fist inauguration of Dohany Street Synagogue. It was made by the Schulze & Sons organ manufactory in Paulinzell, Thürungia, designed by Professor Wöhler Gotthard. The organ had 2 manuals and 38 solo versions. The instrument was reconstructed in the Angster Factory in Pécs in 1902. It was made after Rezső Schweida’s concept with three manuals. The organ was rebuilt again in 1931, following Géza Wehner’s instructions in Otto Rieger organ factory in Pest, using the modern technology of the time, the electro-pneumatic system. It became one of the biggest organs in Hungary with its 70 registers, 4 manuals, 5030 pipes and 49 bells. Then a group of registers were completed at the western wall as fourth manual. The instrument standing without a case got ruined in 60 years as a consequence of the non-lasting technical innovations.

At the reconstruction of the synagogue between 1991- 1996, a nearly new organ was installed. Only 20 pipe-registers could be taken over to keep the soft sound. This time the organ was redesigned by Gabor Lehotka, organist and professor at the Music Academy, in French romantic style. The organ had a traditional mechanical system, 63 registers an about 4500 pipes. The whole case was set higher in order to achieve better, more impressive sound and also to emphasize and frame Frigyes Feszl’s Ark. The main organ is the 1455th item of the 200-year old Jehmlich factory in Dresden, the registers were made in BKM organ factory in Hungary.

A személyes információk, a vendégkönyv, a hírlevél és az egyéb extra tartalmak csak regisztráció után lesznek elérhetőek!



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